Parkinson’s Disease Affects
Parkinson’s disease is a disease that affects the central nervous system. The nervous system consists of the central nervous system. Majorly, the central nervous system of a human being is comprised of the brain and the spinal cord. The disease, therefore, affects the movement of the body of a human being. The central nervous system is called central because it affects how all parts of the body of a human being function. The brain takes up information from the external environment, analyses it really fasts and causes movement of the body, or parts of the in response to the information taken up from the external environment. This response comes from the coordination of nerves in the human body. The brain is also central to all that a human being thinks. This applies to all males and females, children, youth, and the old.
The information that The brain takes up from the external environment comes from the eyes, called sight, the ears, which is hearing, the nose, which involves smell, the tongue, which involves taste and the skin, which involves touch. The first five are basically the five basic senses of a human being that are taught in the early years of schooling. The brain also takes up information internally from the stomach, not forgetting the thoughts of a human being, as we looked at above.
The spinal cord can be looked at as the road that carries information between the body and the brain. If for example a human being gets a car accident, or any other accident that involves falling on the back, and the spinal cord is injured, this will cause so much trouble to that individual. This is because the communication between the body and the brain can now not function as it should. The central nervous system, therefore, causes movements that are voluntary such as talking and walking, and involuntary such as breathing and blinking.
Parkinson’s disease is caused by many factors. However, scientists are yet to find out exactly what causes the disease. The research that has been done so far on people who have contracted the disease has revealed a number of factors that led them to get the disease. One is genes. So this involves Parkinson’s disease being carried down from parent to a child, then continues down in the following generations in that family. The research also revealed that Parkinson’s disease is also brought about by mutations of genes. This can be brought about by the use of harmful chemicals in the body, and certain drugs also cause the mutations of genes. Free radicals found in smoke from cars and factories, if untreated, sprays and perfumes, insecticides among others cause the mutations of genes. Generally, men have a higher risk of contracting Parkinson’s disease than women.
Because there is a grey area on really what causes Parkinson’s disease, then it is difficult to get a specific treatment and prevention method for the disease. However, with a lot of physical exercises, human beings can be able to prevent the disease and increase the chances of getting better if one gets sick. Those who take caffeine, found in tea, coffee, and cola have a lower risk of contracting the disease.